Yoga Sutra Illustration 1.8

Misconception is mistaken perception of the true form

viparyayo mithya jnanam a tad rupa pratistham
विपर्ययो मिथ्याज्ञानमतद्रूप प्रतिष्ठम्

Yoga Sutras of Patanjali, 1.8

viparyayo = misconception
mithya = (is) mistaken
jnanam = knowledge
a tad rupa = not that form
pratistham = (of the true) form

I often mistake things for other things and it’s so weird when you actually see what you think is there until you realise what it really is. In this one he is freaked out when he thinks the rope is a snake, but then he finds out that it‘s just a rope and can bring him joy in the form of a swing 💖

Yoga Sutra Illustration 1.6

They are knowledge, misconception, imagination, sleep and memory

pramana viparyaya vikalpa nidra smrtayah
प्रमाण विपर्यय विकल्प निद्रा स्मृतयः

Yoga Sutras of Patanjali, 1.6

pramana = knowledge
viparyaya = misconception
vikalpa = imagination
nidra = sleep
smrtayah = memory

This one is naming the 5 kind of thoughts mentioned in the previous sutra. The following sutras will go into more detail about what each one is.

If you want to get out of compelling thoughts, throughout the day (or during meditation) you can notice which one your thoughts fall into.

Today I noticed I was thinking about making a retreat centre in the country side and thinking about where it should be and imagining all these little huts with different colour umbrella shaped roofs like those paper umbrellas that you get in cocktails and actually open and shut (I really love them!).

So this one is mainly imagination but the umbrella part is memory and maybe about longing for a time in childhood when I was so happy playing with those umbrellas.